The purpose of psychiatry is to provide humane care to patients who have mental illnesses, such as depression, bipolar, schizophrenia, intellectual developmental disorders, and addiction disorders. Treatment includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. The course of treatment will include medical, social, and psychotherapies. Other treatments can be employed, such as basic medical care, physical examinations to assess health and drug effects, medication management, and various therapies.
Part of the psychiatric approach is to help moderate symptoms for patients and improve daily functioning, so they can concentrate on their rehabilitation. A cooperative and therapeutic relationship between doctor and patient is essential to recovery and may include collaboration with other specialists in a multidisciplinary team. Enlisting the patient’s participation is key for any psychiatric treatment to be effective.